The Air Force and Boeing [BA] announced April 2 that they have agreed upon a solution to fix the remote vision system on the KC-46A Pegasus, in the hopes of resolving one of the tanker program’s most critical deficiencies.

The agreement, which was signed Thursday and first reported by Defense News, is a two-phased approach that will incorporate both near-term software fixes and long-term hardware switches for the camera and display system that allows operators to observe aerial refueling digitally, rather than through a window as in legacy tankers.

This new approach will result in a final Remote Vision System design, known as RVS 2.0, the Air Force said Thursday.

“RVS 2.0 will include 4K color cameras with proper viewing geometry, operator stations with larger screens, a laser ranger for refueling aircraft distance measurement, and boom assistance augmented reality,” the service said. “With the help of scientists and engineers from both enterprises, the Air Force will lead design reviews and approve specifications to drive the partnership toward initial fielding in 2023.”

Boeing [BA] is responsible for fixing the RVS, which has been classified as a Category-1 deficiency.

Jamie Burgess, Boeing’s vice president and general manager for the KC-46 program, said in a Thursday media teleconference that the new hardware will begin flight testing this summer, and he expects fielding to begin in the second half of 2021. Flight testing for the complete RVS 2.0 will begin in the 2022 timeframe, and he anticipate that it will be ready for fielding in the second half of 2023.

The major deficiencies and development setbacks on the KC-46 program have been a source of frustration for the Air Force for some time, and the service’s chief of staff Gen. David Goldfein sent a letter to Boeing earlier this year pressuring the company to move more quickly to resolve its issues.

Will Roper, the Air Force’s top acquisition civilian, credited new Boeing President and CEO David Calhoun for helping to reach this agreement.

“I definitely think that Mr. Calhoun has brought in a very different tone for Boeing and the fact that he responded so quickly to the chief’s letter, I think, speaks to his leadership style,” he said in a Thursday media teleconference.

Roper noted that the service was making progress on RVS prior to the novel COVID-19 pandemic spreading across the world, and that the agreement marked a “complete transformative redesign of the RVS system.”

Work will continue beyond just fixing the warping and acuity issues that caused the system to be marked as a CAT-1 deficiency to incorporate new artificial intelligence technology so that the KC-46 can refuel autonomously or semi-autonomously, Roper added.

That capability has been on the Air Force’s roadmap “since the time I first got in the Air Force,” he said. “That’s the future of tanking and mobility, and this is going to bring that future about much faster.”

Boeing is also developing the MQ-25 Stingray, an autonomous refueling drone for the Navy, and Roper said he plans to reach out to James “Hondo” Geurts to coordinate autonomous tanker efforts.

“Absolutely if I can, if I can lift and shift something that’s already been done elsewhere, I would love to do that,” Roper said.

Boeing Defense, Space and Security CEO Leanne Caret said in a Thursday statement that with this new agreement, the KC-46 will be “synonymous with aerial refueling excellence.”

“The agreement we announced today takes advantage of new remote vision systems technologies that are orders of magnitude better than what was available when the program started,” she said. “Not only will these advancements benefit the KC-46 by preparing it for future capabilities like autonomous refueling, they will also benefit other programs for years to come. The investments we continue to make in the KC-46 clearly demonstrate Boeing’s commitment to Pegasus being the standard by which all future refueling aircraft are measured.”